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Content in this category pertains to material about policy-related issues at either the federal or provincial level that impact the labour force and the economy.

A Strategic Direction for Technology Education and Skills in British Columbia

A new report from the Applied Science Technologists and Technicians of BC forecasts high demand for skilled jobs in technology and technical trades over the next several years, and argues BC is not adequately prepared to train enough young people to fill those jobs. According to the report, an estimated 25,000 new jobs requiring advanced technology or technical education will be created by 2020.

Academic Outcomes of Public and Private High School Students: What Lies Behind the Differences?

This study examines the roles played by student characteristics, school resources and teaching practices, peer group effects, and province fixed effects in accounting for differences in the academic outcomes of private and public high school students.

Access Denied: The Effect of Apprenticeship Restrictions in Skilled Trades

Outdated provincial regulations are needlessly limiting the number of apprenticeship opportunities available to trades workers, according to a report from the C.D. Howe Institute. In “Access Denied: The Effect of Apprenticeship Restrictions in Skilled Trades,” authors Robbie Brydon and Benjamin Dachis say that reforming those tight regulations is crucial to meeting demand for skilled workers.

Achieving Sustainable Prosperity: Benchmarking the Competitiveness of Newfoundland and Labrador

A new Conference Board of Canada report says that NL is too reliant on the oil sector and that its economy is at risk as a result. In order to improve its economic competitiveness, NL is encouraged to increase education levels and match skills training with labour force needs. The report also recommends that the province work to strengthen ties between PSE institutions and the private sector.

Adapting to the changing face of work

OECD countries are seeing a trend away from traditional employment towards part-time and temporary work and self-employment. However, there are concerns that part-time and temporary work are contributing to inequality and poverty. Policy needs to focus on ensuring that these “non-traditional” jobs are stepping stones to better jobs, not dead ends.

Adult Learning and Returns to Training Project

Adult Learning and Returns to Training was a three-year project to develop and test an analytical framework for adult learning and the returns to training. Six papers were produced under the research program. Three papers estimated the returns to different types of training: foundational learning, workplace training, and higher education. One paper directly examined the usefulness of the adult learning typology developed earlier in the project. Another explored the potential of social finance models to improve the outcomes of adult learning programs. The sixth paper investigated the prospects for data linkages to support new research into the individual, employer, and social outcomes of adult learning.

Advantage Ontario

In its “Advantage Ontario” report, the province’s Jobs and Prosperity Council says a diversified and dynamic Ontario economy requires a stronger emphasis on skilled trades. 

Ageing and Employment Policies: Norway 2013, Working Better with Age

Norway is better placed to cope with population ageing than most other countries. But it could still do more to improve incentives and opportunities for people to stay working longer which would help ensure the country’s long-term future, according to a new OECD report.

All Aboard: Making Inclusive Growth Happen

Inequality – now at its highest level in decades in many countries – undermines economic growth and well-being, says a new OECD report. But policies to tackle the widening gap between rich and poor will only succeed if they also look beyond income and address better access to high-quality education, health care and public infrastructure, it adds.

All the workers we need: Debunking Canada’s Labour Shortage Fallacy

When the Royal Bank of Canada was recently caught up in a maelstrom of bad publicity overits use of temporary foreign workers, it led politicians and pundits to scrutinize and questionthe growing use by Canadian firms of imported, short-term labour. The Royal Bank wasaccused of misusing a system designed to help employers who could not find Canadianworkers by using it, instead, to find cheaper foreign labourers to replace higher-costCanadians. But the incident raises a bigger question than simply how one bank makes use of Canada’s Temporary Foreign Worker Program (TFWP): Whether the program is, in fact,interfering with the natural supply and demand responses of the labour market. And if we wantto make better use of available Canadian labour, the time has come for the federalgovernment to start cutting back on the use of TFWP.

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