Underemployment refers to being employed, but not in the desired capacity, i.e. at work that does not permit full use of one’s skills and abilities. This could mean working fewer hours than desired, doing jobs that require less skill or experience, being underpaid and working less intensively than able or willing to work. While not technically unemployed, the underemployed are often competing for available jobs.
Bylsma, Lisa and Sophie C. Yohani, “Immigrants in Canada.” In Blythe C. Shepard and Priya S. Mani (editors). Career Development Practice in Canada: Perspectives, Principles and Professionalism. Toronto: Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling (CERIC), 2014, p.271.
Investor Words, “Underemployment.” Online: http://www.investorwords.com/5835/underemployment.html (Retrieved on August 8, 2014)