Prior learning assessment is a systematic process that encompasses what a person knows and can do. It involves the identification, documentation, assessment and recognition of competencies (knowledge, skills and attitudes) that have been developed through many formal and informal means (e.g., work experience, training, independent study, volunteer activities, travelling and hobbies). The recognition can be used toward the requirements of an academic or training program, occupational certification or labour market entry.
Canadian Standards and Guidelines for Career Development Practitioners. Glossary of Career Development Terms. 2012. Online: http://career-dev-guidelines.org/career_dev/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/Glossary-of-Terms-changes-from-CD-Chapter-re-counselling.pdf (Retrieved on May 27, 2014)
Sutherland, Stephen J. and Hany Ibrahim, “Refugees in Canada: From Persecution to Preparedness.” In Blythe C. Shepard and Priya S. Mani (editors). Career Development Practice in Canada: Perspectives, Principles and Professionalism. Toronto: Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling (CERIC), 2014, p.293.