Inuit are Indigenous peoples that reside in the Arctic regions of Canada, Denmark, Russia, and the United States, from Bering Strait to East Greenland, a distance of over 6000 kilometres. In Arctic Canada, about 45,000 Inuit live in 53 communities in Nunatsiavut (Labrador), Nunavik (Northern Québec), Nunavut, and the Inuvialuit Settlement Region of the Northwest Territories. Each of these four Inuit groups has settled land claims. These Inuit regions cover one third of Canada’s land mass. Until recently, outsiders called the Inuit “Eskimo.” Now they prefer their own term, “Inuit,” meaning simply “people.”
Arthur, Nancy and Sandra Collins, “Diversity and Social Justice.” In Blythe C. Shepard and Priya S. Mani (editors). Career Development Practice in Canada: Perspectives, Principles and Professionalism. Toronto: Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling (CERIC), 2014, p.97.
Inuulitsivik, “Who are the Inuits?” Online: http://www.inuulitsivik.ca/northern-life-and-inuit-culture/who-are-the-inuits (Retrieved on August 7, 2014)