Goal setting is a two-part process of deciding what one wants to accomplish and then devising an action plan to achieve the result one desires. Setting goals helps people work towards their own objectives. Goal setting that involves establishing specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and time-targeted goals is referred to as S.M.A.R.T goal setting.
McKinnon, Kerri and Kathleen Johnston, “Career Planning, Knowledge, and Skills.” In Blythe C. Shepard and Priya S. Mani (editors). Career Development Practice in Canada: Perspectives, Principles and Professionalism. Toronto: Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling (CERIC), 2014, p.194.
MindTools, “Personal Goal Setting; Planning to Live Your Life Your Way.” Online: http://www.mindtools.com/page6.html (Retrieved on August 7, 2014)