Formal learning takes the form of education, training or development, usually systematic and through an institution with some kind of institutional recognition or credentials. It is organised and structured, and has learning objectives. From the learner’s standpoint, it is always intentional: i.e. the learner’s explicit objective is to gain knowledge, skills and/or competences. Typical examples are learning that takes place within the initial education and training system or workplace training arranged by the employer.
Canada Career Information Partnership. A Career Development Resource for Parents: Helping parents explore the role of coach and ally. 2006. Online: http://www.ccdf.ca/ccdf/wp-content/uploads/2010/12/a_career_development_resource_for_parents_e.pdf (Retrieved on May 27, 2014)
OECD. “Recognition of Non-formal and Informal Learning.” Skills beyond school. Online: http://www.oecd.org/edu/skills-beyond-school/recognitionofnon-formalandinformallearning-home.htm (Retrieved on August 14, 2014)