First Nations refers to Status and Non-Status Aboriginal people in Canada who are neither Inuit nor Métis. Status Indians are registered under the Indian Act, and Non-Status are not. Many communities also use the term “First Nation” in the name of their community. Currently, there are over 630 First Nation communities, which represent more than 50 nations or cultural groups and 50 Aboriginal languages.
Aboriginal Affairs and Northern Development Canada. “First Nations.” Online: https://www.aadnc-aandc.gc.ca/eng/1100100013791/1100100013795 (Retrieved on August 7, 2014)
Arthur, Nancy and Sandra Collins, “Diversity and Social Justice.” In Blythe C. Shepard and Priya S. Mani (editors). Career Development Practice in Canada: Perspectives, Principles and Professionalism. Toronto: Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling (CERIC), 2014, p.97.