Ethno-cultural divisions are social divisions created by differences in nationality, ethnicity, clan, or tribe. For refugees or immigrants these divisions can be similar to the ones they faced in their home country.
Sutherland, Stephen J. and Hany Ibrahim, “Refugees in Canada: From Persecution to Preparedness.” In Blythe C. Shepard and Priya S. Mani (editors). Career Development Practice in Canada: Perspectives, Principles and Professionalism. Toronto: Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling (CERIC), 2014, p.292.