New data from the National Household Survey (NHS) show that Canada was home to about 6,775,800 foreign-born individuals in 2011. They represented 20.6% of the total population, compared with 19.8% in the 2006 Census. The country’s immigrant population, the ethnic backgrounds of its people, its visible minority population, and its linguistic and religious diversity showed that Canada is an ethnocultural mosaic.
A Pan-Canadian Framework for the Assessment and Recognition of Foreign Qualifications: PROGRESS REPORT
Reporting on progress made since the Framework was launched in November 2009.
The annual level of immigration is one of the most critical components of a country’s immigration policy. It is difficult to directly compare the costs and benefits of changing immigration levels because immigration can serve multiple goals. However, some narrowly-defined effects can be empirically assessed. This study considers solely the potential influence of immigration levels on immigrant entry earnings. This study focuses on the effect of immigration levels on one aspect of immigrants’ labour market outcomes their entry earnings, i.e., earnings during the first two full years in Canada. An increase in labour supply – that is, a larger immigrant entering cohort – could increase competition for the types of jobs sought by entering immigrants and place downward pressure on wages for immigrants arriving in that cohort.
Brokering Success examines the improvement of employment outcomes for skilled immigrants through strengthened government-employer engagement. It explains the necessity to design and implement initiatives that focus on “demand-led” employment supports for new skilled immigrants rather than those solely focused on job seekers’ skills and abilities.
Brokering Success: Improving skilled immigrant employment outcomes through strengthened government/employer engagement
This paper asks which strategies and levers are used by all three levels of government in Canada to engage with employers to fill their talent needs and improve employment and economic outcomes of skilled immigrants. It also explores how these strategies can be improved. As negotiations on the Canada Job Funds (previously the Labour Market Agreements) proceed, governments across Canada are making important decisions about how they will provide employment supports. These changes in the labour market training architecture coincide with significant changes to Canada’s immigration system, with the expectation that the Express Entry application management system will be rolled out in January 2015.
This report using the 2006 Census to demonstrate that racialized Canadians encounter a persistent colour code that blocks them from the best paying jobs our country has to offer.
Canada’s immigration system is changing rapidly. The changes will affect the future labour pool and the way you manage skilled immigrant talent.
Canada’s decentralised immigration policy through a local lens: How small communities are attracting and welcoming immigrants
Immigrant attraction to small communities is a growing reality in Canada as a result of the recent regionalisation, “marketisation” and decentralisation of immigration policy. These changes have increased the influence of local actors–municipalities, employers, and community members–in the immigrant attraction and welcoming process. Drawing on a “welcoming communities” perspective, this research report sets out to understand the drivers of small-community immigrant attraction, the challenges that result, and the existing responses of local actors to these challenges. To this end, six small communities are selected for case-study analysis using a quantitative method applied to the 2006 Canadian Census. Interviews with local municipal staff, employers and community actors are conducted within each case-study community. Drawing on the findings, a typology is developed which describes and contrasts five key immigrant attraction dynamics. A key finding is that while governments at all levels create policy that facilitates regional immigration, the private sector is most often the operative actor.
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