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/ Listing Categories / Labour Force Skills

Content in this category pertains to material about skills shortage and skills development strategies to meet labour market needs.

OECD Skills Outlook 2013: First Results from the Survey of Adult Skills

This first OECD Skills Outlook presents the initial results of the Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC), which evaluates the skills of adults in 24 countries. It provides insights into the availability of some of the key skills and how they are used at work and at home. A major component is the direct assessment of key information-processing skills: literacy, numeracy and problem solving in the context of technology-rich environments.

Overcoming Skills Shortage

An overview of the programs offered by sector councils that provide skills development training. 

Overcoming Skills Shortages in Canada

Skills shortages have developed in certain fields and regions in recent years. Earnings premiums for people in some professions, notably health, engineering and skilled trades have increased. And vacancy rates have risen for skilled trades, with the increase being particularly large in Alberta and Saskatchewan. While reforms have been implemented to strengthen adjustment so as to overcome these shortages, there is still room to go further by improving labour market information, increasing responsiveness of the education and training system to labour market demand, making the immigration system more reactive to current labour market conditions and reducing regulatory barriers to inter-provincial labour mobility

People Skills and the Labor-Market Outcomes of Underrepresented Groups

In this article, the authors show that people skills are important determinants of labor-market outcomes, including occupational choice and wages. Technological and organizational changes have increased the importance of people skills in the workplace. The authors particularly focus on how the increased importance of these skills has affected the labor-market outcomes of underrepresented groups, assuming that gender differences in interactions and cultural differences and prejudice may impede cross-racial and ethnic interactions. Estimates for Britain, Germany, and the United States are consistent with such an explanation. An acceleration in the rate of increase in the importance of people skills between the late 1970s and early 1990s in the United States can help explain why the gender wage gap closed and the black-white wage gap stagnated in these years relative to the preceding and following years.

Skills Beyond School

England should expand the provision of postsecondary vocational training in order to meet the changing needs of students and employers, according to a new OECD report.

Skills Development for Future Needs of the Canadian Labour Market

A study out of the University of Lethbridge has added to the growing list of reports that suggest the predicted labour shortage in Canada is exaggerated. Canada Research Chair Susan McDaniel has found that Canada is “not confronting a broad labour shortage, nor is a shortage anticipated in the near future.” “There are skills shortages in some industries and regions, but the literature points to a mismatch of skills rather than a shortage,” explains McDaniel. “Reviewed research confirms that hiring difficulties that some employers have are due to normal cycles of the labour market for their specific industry and not a national skilled labour shortage.” Her team, which has collective skills in demographic change, immigration and skills development, distilled 219 peer-reviewed articles and reports from 2000 to 2013; the articles focused on gaps in labour/skills demand and supply, the aging workforce, employment patterns of aging Canadians, the role of immigration and shifting immigration policies, and the role of shifting skills development.

Skills Development for Small and Medium Size Entreprises

An overview of the programs offered by sector councils that provide skills development opportunities for small and medium size enterprises.

Skills Development in the North: How the Sector Councils Can Help

An overview of how Sector Councils provide assistance in the development of the labour force in Canada’s North. A list of some programs is also provided.

Skills for Success: Developing Skills for a Prosperous B.C.

A new report from the Conference Board of Canada says that skills gaps and mismatches in British Columbia could cost the province billions in economic activity and millions in tax revenues each year.

Skills Issues in Canada: Ipsos Reid Survey

According to a new survey conducted by Ipsos Reid on behalf of Randstad Canada, addressing the gaps and shortages in skills valued in the workplace continues to be of the utmost importance. Nine in ten (91%) working Canadians believe that the skills shortages and skills gaps will continue to be an issue of importance for 2014. The data also reveal what managers and employees feel is the most pressing issue facing their organization for the coming year with a lack of skilled trade workers (16%) rising to the top of the list, slightly ahead of outsourcing/increasing the number of international workers (15%), a lack of generally skilled workers in the market (10%), increasing tax rates (10%), and a decline in the country’s economy due to Baby Boomers retiring (10%).

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