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/ Listing Categories / New Canadians

Content in this category pertains to material about how immigrants are impacting the nation’s labour force and mechanisms to promote their inclusion into Canada’s workforce.

2011 National Household Survey: Immigration and Ethnocultural Diversity in Canada

New data from the National Household Survey (NHS) show that Canada was home to about 6,775,800 foreign-born individuals in 2011. They represented 20.6% of the total population, compared with 19.8% in the 2006 Census. The country’s immigrant population, the ethnic backgrounds of its people, its visible minority population, and its linguistic and religious diversity showed that Canada is an ethnocultural mosaic.

450,000 Immigrants Per Year Could Boost Canada’s Economy If Newcomers Have Better Job Outcomes

“Immigration makes an immense contribution to Canada’s economy, but the employment barriers that newcomers experience are preventing Canada from fully reaping the economic benefits,” said Kareem El-Assal, Senior Research Associate, Immigration, The Conference Board of Canada. “Conversations on Canada’s future immigration levels should go beyond the numbers to include how Canada can better integrate immigrants into the labour market.” Highlights With the federal government set to announce Canada’s 2018 immigration target by November 1st, the report, 450,000 Immigrants Annually? Integration Is Imperative to Growth, examines the economic impact of immigration between 2017-2040. If Canada were to welcome 450,000 newcomers per year, as recommended by the federal government’s Advisory Council on Economic Growth, real GDP would grow by an average of 2.05 per cent annually, with immigration contributing nearly one-third of economic growth. Maintaining the status quo on immigration levels would improve real GDP per capita the most. On the other hand, maintaining the status quo would have the smallest impact on alleviating Canada’s economic and fiscal pressures. Addressing the long-standing labour market integration challenges that immigrants face is imperative to boosting the economic impact of immigration.   View

Annual Levels of Immigration and Immigrant Entry Earnings in Canada

The annual level of immigration is one of the most critical components of a country’s immigration policy. It is difficult to directly compare the costs and benefits of changing immigration levels because immigration can serve multiple goals. However, some narrowly-defined effects can be empirically assessed. This study considers solely the potential influence of immigration levels on immigrant entry earnings. This study focuses on the effect of immigration levels on one aspect of immigrants’ labour market outcomes their entry earnings, i.e., earnings during the first two full years in Canada. An increase in labour supply – that is, a larger immigrant entering cohort – could increase competition for the types of jobs sought by entering immigrants and place downward pressure on wages for immigrants arriving in that cohort.

Brokering Success: Improving Skilled Immigrant Employment Outcomes

Brokering Success examines the improvement of employment outcomes for skilled immigrants through strengthened government-employer engagement. It explains the necessity to design and implement initiatives that focus on “demand-led” employment supports for new skilled immigrants rather than those solely focused on job seekers’ skills and abilities.

Canada’s Choice: Decent Work or Entrenched Exploitation for Canada’s Migrant Workers?

The report details the continued exploitation faced by migrant workers — including unscrupulous recruitment practices, employment mobility restrictions, and a lack of protection from rights abuses— and provides clear policy recommendations to strengthen protections and build employment security for Canada’s migrant workers.

Canada’s colour coded labour market: The gap for racialized workers

This report using the 2006 Census to demonstrate that racialized Canadians encounter a persistent colour code that blocks them from the best paying jobs our country has to offer. 

Canada’s decentralised immigration policy through a local lens: How small communities are attracting and welcoming immigrants

Immigrant attraction to small communities is a growing reality in Canada as a result of the recent regionalisation, “marketisation” and decentralisation of immigration policy. These changes have increased the influence of local actors–municipalities, employers, and community members–in the immigrant attraction and welcoming process. Drawing on a “welcoming communities” perspective, this research report sets out to understand the drivers of small-community immigrant attraction, the challenges that result, and the existing responses of local actors to these challenges. To this end, six small communities are selected for case-study analysis using a quantitative method applied to the 2006 Canadian Census. Interviews with local municipal staff, employers and community actors are conducted within each case-study community. Drawing on the findings, a typology is developed which describes and contrasts five key immigrant attraction dynamics. A key finding is that while governments at all levels create policy that facilitates regional immigration, the private sector is most often the operative actor.

Certification and Workforce Integration: Experiences of Internationally Educated Teachers

CMEC has just published Certification and Workforce Integration: Experiences of Internationally Educated Teachers. This report describes the findings from a series of six focus groups conducted throughout Canada to identify the barriers to certification and workforce integration of internationally educated teachers.

Changes in the Regional Distribution of New Immigrants to Canada

Canada and the United States have recently experienced an increase in the regional dispersion of entering immigrants. American research suggests that a mixture of economic push factors (away from states like California) and pull factors (toward states with growth of low-wage jobs), as well as changing government policies and regulations contributed to the development of the ‘New Gateways.’ Very few studies have been conducted to determine why the regional dispersion of entering immigrants occurred in Canada. This paper assesses the relative importance of immigrant selection programs and immigrant source regions in accounting for changes in the regional dispersion of entering immigrants during the 2000s.

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