Parental Involvement in Career Development

Topics covered include:

  • Gender stereotyping,
  • The effects of father involvment,
  • Self-employed parents,

  • Adolescent personality development,
  • Occupational inheritance,
  • and more.


View as PDF


Literature Search

Parental Involvement in Career Development (Updated December, 2014)


Adya, M., Kaiser, K. M. (2005). Early determinants of women in the IT workforce: a model of girls’ career choices. Information Technology & People. Vol. 18 Issue 3, pp. 230-259.

Ajayi, K.O., Akinsanya O. O., Agbajeola, R.O. (2010). Parental Role in Gender Stereotyping in Vocational Education in 21st Century, Nigeria. Journal of Basic and Applied Scientific Research. Text Road Publication.

Akin, J.T., Vesely, R.S. (2014). Service Learning for At-Risk Student Populations: The Contextual Dynamism of Implementation. Multicultural Learning and Teaching.

Aldrich, H. E., Kim, P. H., (2007). A Life Course Perspective on Occupational Inheritance: Self-Employed Parents and their Children. The Sociology of Entrepreneurship, Volume 25. Emerald Group Publishing Limited, pp. 33-82.

Allen, S., Daly, K., (2007). The Effects of Father Involvement: An Updated Research Summary of the Evidence, University of Guelph.

America’s Career Resource Network (ACRN) (2006). Why Should My Child Explore Careers? Retrieved from: Current.

Aspland, H., & Gardner, F. (2003) Observational measures of parent-child interaction: An introductory review. Adolescent Health, 8(3), 136-143.

Auger, R.W., Blackhurst, A.E., and Wahl, K.H. (2005). The Development of Elementary-aged Children’s Career Aspirations and Expectations. Professional School Counseling 8(4): 322-329.

Benson, F., Martin S. (2003). Organizing Successful Parent Involvement in Urban Schools, Child Study Journal, Vol. 33.

Bernes, K. Magnusson, K. (2004) Building Future Career Development Programs for Adolescents. Kerry Bernes and Kris Magnusson.

Berrios-Allison, A.C., (2005). Family influences on college students’ occupational identity. Journal of Career Assessment, 13(2), 233-247.

Best, J.W., & Kahn J.V. (2003). Research in education 9th Ed. Boston: Pearson. Education Company.

Bester, G., (2007). Personality development of the adolescent: peer group versus parents. South African Journal of Education. Vol. 27 (2) 177-190.

Blustein, D.L. (2001)Moving from the inside out: Further exploration of the family of origin/career development linkage. The Counselling Psychologist, 32, 603-611.

Blustein, D.L., Kenna, A.C., Murphy, K.A., DeVoy, J.E., & DeWine, D.B., (2005). Qualitative research in career development: Exploring the centre and margins of discourse about careers and working. Journal of Career Assessment, 13, 351-370.

Boan, S. L., Piquette-Tomee, N., (2009). Adolescent Development and Career Planning in Schools, February 27. ContactPoint.

Bradford, L., Buck, J. L. & Meyers, R.A., (2001). Cultural and Parental Communicative Influences on the Career Success of White and Black Women, Women’s Studies in Communication, Volume 24, Issue 2.

Brown, M. T., (2004). The Career Development Influence of Family of Origin. The Counselling Psychologist. Vol. 32, no. 4.

Brown, S. D., Lent, R. V., (2005). Career development and counselling: putting theory and research to work. John Wiley and Sons.

Bryant, B.K., Zvonkovic, A. M., Reynolds, P. (2006). Parenting in relation to child and adolescent vocational development. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 69. Issue 1, Pages 149-175.

Bryce, J., Anderson, M., Frigo, T., & McKenzie, P., (2007). Australian young people, their families and post-school plans: A research review. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.

Bryman, A. (2001). Social Research Methods. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Bryce, J., Anderson, M., Frigo, T., & McKenzie, P., (2007). Australian young people, their families and post-school plans: A research review. Melbourne: Australian Council for Educational Research.

Cardosa, P., Silva, J.R., Goncalves, M.M., Duarte, M.E. (2014). Innovative moments and change in Career Construction Counseling. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 84, Issue 1, Pages 11-20.

Chak-Keung Wong, S. (2010).Will parental influences affect career choice? Evidence from hospitality and tourism management students in China. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, Vol. 27. Issue 1, pp. 82 – 102.

Cenkseven-Onder, F., Kirdok, O., Isik, E., (2010). High school students’ career decision-making pattern across parenting styles and parental attachment levels. Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, 8(1), 263-280.

Chaa, Y., (2010). Reinforcing Separate Spheres. The Effect of Spousal Overwork on Men’s and Women’s Employment in Dual-Earner Households. American Sociological Review vol. 75 no. 2 303-329.

Chope, R. C., (2005). Qualitatively Assessing Family Influence in Career Decision Making. Journal of Career Assessment November Vol. 13 No. 4 395-414.

Cinamon, R. G. and Orly D., (2010). Parental Attitudes toward Preschoolers’ Career Education: A Mixed-Method Study. Journal of Career Development. Vol. 37 no. 37 pp. 519-540.

Colpin, H., Vandemeulebroecke, L., Ghesquiere, P., (2004). Supporting the educational career of children from divorced families: parents’ experiences and the role of school. British Journal of Sociology of Education. Volume 25, Issue 3.

Cooper, C.L., (2002). The new world of work: challenges and opportunities. Wiley-Blackwell.

Davis, D., (2000). Supporting Parent, Family and Community Involvement in Your School. Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory.

Davis, Raymond (2000). Parental Involvement. Retrieved from:

DeBord, K. (2001). Redefining parent involvement: parents making a difference in their children’s lives. Retrieved from:

Defur, S.H., Todd-Allen, M., Getzel, E. E., (2001).Parent Participation in the Planning Process. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals. vol. 24 no. 1 19-36.

Dietrich, J., Kracke, B., (2009). Career-specific parental behaviors in adolescents’ development. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 75, Issue 2.

Desforges, C., Abouchaar, A.(2003). The Impact of Parental Involvement, Parental Support and Family Education on Pupil Achievements and Adjustments: A Literature Review, Department for Education and Skills, Research report RR433, Queen’s Printer 2003.

Deslandes, R., (2002). Adolescents’ Perception of Parental Involvement in Schooling. School Psychology International. vol. 23 no. 2 220-232.

Dharsee, N. (2010). Parental Influences on Career Choices, People Power, Issue 4.

Ditrano, C.J. (2006). Listening to parents’ voices: participator action research in the schools. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 37(4), retrieved from:

Domingues, M., Goncalves, C.E. (2013). The Role of Parents in Talented Youth Sport. Does Context Matter? Polish Journal of Sport and Tourism. Volume 20, Issue 2, Pages 117-122.

Durlak, J. A., Taylor, R. D. Pachan, M. K., DuPre, E. P., Berger, S.R., Dymicki, A. B., Weissberg, R. P., (2007). Effects of positive youth development programs on school, family, community systems. American Journal of Community Psychology, Volume 39, Numbers 3-4, 269-286.

Eisenman, L. T., (2001). Conceptualizing the Contribution of Career-Oriented Schooling to Self-Determination. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals, Vol. 24 no. 1 3-17.

Fan, W. and Williams, C. M., (2009). The effects of parental involvement on students’ academic self-efficacy, engagement and intrinsic motivation. Educational Psychology Vol. 30, No. 1, January 2010, 53-74.

Ferry, N. M., (2006). Factors Influencing Career Choices of Adolescents and Young Adults in Rural Pennsylvania. Journal of Extension. Volume 44 Number 3.

Fletcher, A.C., Elder, G. H. Jr. & Mekos, D., (2000).Parental Influences on Adolescent Involvement in Community Activities. Journal of Research on Adolescence. Volume 10, Issue 1.

Flores,L., O’Brien, K.M., (2002). The career development of Mexican American adolescent women: A test of social cognitive career theory. Journal of Counselling Psychology, Vol. 49 (1), 14 – 27.

Flouri, E. (2004). Subjective Well-Being in Midlife: The Role of Involvement of Children to Parents in Childhood. Journal of Happiness Studies. Volume 5, Number 4, 335-358.

Flouri, E., (2006) Parental interest in children’s education, children’s self-esteem and locus of control, and later educational attainment: Twenty-six year follow-up of the 1970 British birth cohort. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 76, 41-55.

Flouri, E., Buchanan, A. (2003). The role of work-related skills and career role models in adolescent career maturity- Special Section: Adolescent Career Development.

Ford S.C., Hecker, L. L., (2003). The therapist’s notebook for children and adolescents: homework, handouts and activities for use. Routledge, 1 Edition, Ma. 7,

Garg R., Kaupp, C., Lewko, J., Urajnik, D. (2002). A structural model of educational aspirations. Journal of Career Development. 29(2) 87-108.

Gluszynski, T. (2012). Educational Trajectories of Youth in New Brunswick: The Impact of Exposure to Career Planning Services and Parental involvement in Learning, Report #7, March 14, 2008. Retrieved from:

Gonzalez-DeHass, A., R., Willems, P. P., Doan Holbein, M. F., (2005). Examining the Relationship between Parental Involvement and Student Motivation. Educational Psychology Review. Vol. 17, Number 2, 99 – 123.

Geenen, S., Powers, L.E. & Lopez-Vasquez A., (2001).Multicultural aspects of parent involvement in transition planning. Exceptional Children, 67, 265 – 282.

Gonzalez, A. R., Doan Holbein, M. F., Quilter, S., (2002) High School Students’ Goal Orientations and Their Relationship to Perceived Parenting Styles. Contemporary Educational Psychology. Volume 27, Issue 3, Pages 450-470.

Guay, F. Senegal, C., Gauthier, L., Fernet, C. (2003). Predicting career indecision: A self- determination perspective. Journal of Counselling Psychology, Vol. 50(2), 165-177.

Hairston Evans, J. (2000). How Parents Influence African American Students’ Decisions to Prepare for Vocational Teaching Careers, Journal of Career and Technical Education. Volume 16, Number 2.

Halpern, D., Murphy, S. E. (Editors), (2005). From work-family balance to work-family interaction: changing the metaphor. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates Ltd.

Hargrove, B., Inman, A. G., Crane, R. L., (2005). Family Interaction Patterns, Career Planning Attitudes and Vocational Identity of High School Adolescents. Journal of Career Development. Volume 31, Number 4, 263-278

Hartung, P. J. (2010). Practice and Research in Career Counselling and Development – 2009. The Career Development Quarterly, Volume 59, Issue 2, pages 98-142.

Hartung, P.J. (2008). Career adaptability in childhood. Career Development Quarterly.

Heckman, J. J., Schultz, H. B., and Masterov, D. V., (2007). The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children. Applied Economic Perspectives and Policy, 29(3) 446-493.

Helwig, A.A. (2004). A Ten-Year Longitudinal Study of the Career Development of Students: Summary Findings, Journal of Counselling and Development, Volume 82, Number 1.

Helwig, A.A. (2008). From childhood to adulthood: A 15 year longitudinal career development study. Career Development Quarterly. Volume 57 Issue 1.

Hill, N. E., Castellino, D. R., Lansford, J. E., Nowlin, P., Dodge, K.A., Bates, J. E., Pettit, G.S.,(2004).Parental Academic Involvement as Related to School Behaviour, Achievement and Aspirations: Demographic Variations Across Adolescence. Child Development, Volume 75, Issue 5, pages 1491 – 1509.

Hitlin, S.,(2006). Parental Influences on Children’s Values and Aspirations: Bridging Two Theories of Social Class and Socialization. Sociological Perspectives. Vol 49, No. 1 Spring 2006, pp. 25-46.

Jackson, A. W. and Davis, G. A., (2001).with Maud Abeel and Anne Bordonaro, Turning Points 2000. Educating Adolescents in the 21st Century. A Report of Carnegie Corporation of New York.

Jacobs, J. E., Davis-Kean, P., Bleeker, M., Eccles, J. S., Malanchuk, O. (2005). “I can, but I don’t want to.” The Impact of Parents, Interests and Activities on Gender Differences in Math. Cambridge.

Jacobs, N. & Harvey, D., (2005). Do parents make a difference to children’s academic achievement? Differences between parents of higher and lower achieving students. Educational Studies. Volume 31, Issue 4.

Jacowski, T. (2008). The Role of Parents in Career Development, Retrieved from:

Jodl, K. M., Michael, A., Malanchuk, O., Eccles, J. and Sameroff, A., (2001). Parents’ Roles in Shaping Early Adolescents’ Occupational Aspirations, Child Development, Volume 72, Number 4, P 1247 – 1265.

Johnson, B. & Christensen, L. (2004). Educational Research: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches. 2nd Ed. Toronto: Pearson Education Inc.

Jowett, S., (2007). Social psychology in sport. Human Kinetics Inc. Vol. 10, Page 234 – 238.

Keller, B.K. and Whiston, S.C. (2008). The Role of Parental Influences on Young Adolescents’ Career Development, Journal of Career Assessment, Vol. 16, No.2, 198-217.

Kerka, S., (2000). Parenting and Career Development, ERIC Digest, No. 214.

Kniveton, B. H., (2004).The influences and motivations on which students base their choice of career. Research in Education, Volume 72, Number 1.

Koh, M-S., Shin, S., Reeves, K.C. (2014) Voices of Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Parents: The Case of Korean-American Parents. Multicultural Learning and Teaching.

Kreider, H., Caspe, M., Kennedy, S., Weiss, H., (2007) Family Involvement in Middle and High School Students’ Education, 3, retrieved May 19, 2008 from:

Lapan, R. T., (2012). Career self-efficacy and perceptions of parent support in adolescent career development. Retrieved February 2012 from:

Lapan, R. T., Steward, J. C., and Turner, S. L., (2004). Family Factors Associated with Sixth-Grade Adolescents’ Math and Science Career Interests. The Career Development Quarterly 53(1): 41-52.

Leech, N.L. & Onwuegbuzie, A.J. (2001). Mixed Research in Counselling: Trends in the Literature. Measurement and Evaluation in Counselling and Development, 44(3), 169-180.

Lent, R. W., Brown, S. D., Hackett, G., (2000). Contextual supports and barriers to career choice: A social cognitive analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, Vol 47(1), 36-49.

Li, C., Kerpelman, J., (2007). Parental Influences on Young Women’s Certainty about Their Career Aspirations. Behavioral Science. Volume 56, Numbers 1-2, 105-115.

Lindstrom, L., Doren, B., Metheny, J., Johnson, P, & Zane, C., (2007). Transition to employment: Role of the family in career development. Exceptional Children, 73, 348 – 366.

Lorenz, Dawn C., (2011). A Proposed Integrated Model for Enhanced Career Development for Young Adults with Disabilities. Adultspan Journal.

Luzzo, Darrell Anthony, MacGregor, Marilyn Wright, (2001). Practice and Research in Career Counselling and Development – 2000. The Career Development Quarterly, 50: 98-139.

Ma, Pei-Wen W., Yeh, C. J., (2005). Factors Influencing the Career Decision Status of Chinese American Youths. The Career Development Quarterly, Volume 53, Issue 4, pages 337-347.

Ma, Y. (2009). Family Socioeconomic Status, Parent Involvement and College Major Choices – Gender, Race/Ethnic, and Nativity Patterns. Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 52, No. 2, pp. 211-234.

Magnuson, C., Starr, M. F., (2000). How Early is Too Early to Begin Life Career Planning? The Importance of the Elementary School Years. Journal of Career Development. Vol. 27 No. 2 89-101.

Maite, O. S. (2006). Parental Involvement in Career Development: Perceptions of Disadvantaged Grade 9 Learners. Dissertation, Faculty of Humanities, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

Mapp, K. L. (2011). Parent Involvement: Lessons from the Past, Recommendations for the Future. Conference Presentation at Centre for American Progress and the American Enterprise Institute. Retrieved from: Http://

Martin, A. (2007). Parent’s Involvement in Children’s Education. Expert Articles.

Martin, J. van Dycke, J., D’Ottavio, K. N., (2007). The Student-Directed Summary of Performance, Increasing Student and Family Involvement in the Transition Planning Process. Career Development for Exceptional Individuals. Vol. 30 no. 1 13-26.

McHale, S. M., Crouter, A. C., Whiteman, S. D., (2003). The Family Contexts of Gender Development in Childhood and Adolescence. Social Development, Volume 12, Issue 1, pages 125-148.

McLeod, J. (2003). Doing Counseling Research. 2nd Ed. California: Sage Publications.

McMahon, M. (2008). Children’s career development: Status quo and future directions. Journal of Career Development Quarterly, 57, 4-6.

McMahon, M. L., Watson, M. B., (2008). Systemic Influences on Career Development: Assisting Clients to Tell Their Career Stories. The Career Development Quarterly, Volume 56, Issue 3, pages 280-288.

McMillan, J.H.(2004). Educational research: Fundamentals for the consumer. Boston: Pearson Education Inc.

Messersmith, E. E., Garrett, J. L., Davis-Kean, P. E., Malanchuk, O., Eccles, J. S., (2008). Career Development from Adolescence through Emerging Adulthood. Journal of Adolescent Research, Vol. 23 no. 2 206-227.

Moss, P., Mooney, A., O’Connel, R., & Statham, J. (2014). Care, gender, and employment: changing times, changing methods. International Journal of Social Research Methodology. Volume 17, Issue 2.

Mullis, R. L., Rathge, R., Mullis, A. K., (2003). Predictors of academic performance during early adolescence: A contextual view. International Journal of Behavioural Development. vol. 27, no. 6.

Nel, N. (2014. Applying a transformative-Pragmatic to Engender Collaboration in Educational Processes. International Journal on New Trends in Education and Their Implications. Volume 5, Issue 2.

Niles, S. G., Harris-Bowlesbey, J.A., (2012). Career Development Interventions in the 21st Century, 4/E, Merrill.

Newell, E. (2012). Parents and Students Talking: How Individual Career Planning Conferences can Make a Difference. Career Convergence Magazine. NCDA.

Nota, L., Ginevra, M.C. (2014). The concepts of work, study, and leisure of parents and children. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, Volume 26, Issue 1, Pages 107-122.

Nota, L., Ferrari, L., Solberg, V.S.H., & Soresi, S. (2007). Career search self-efficacy, family support, and career indecision with Italian youth. Journal of Career Assessment, 15(2), 181-193.

Nova Scotia Department of Education (2006). Parents as career coaches: A facilitator’s guide. Halifax. Nova Scotia. Canada.

Ochs, L. A., (2004). Predictors of Career Exploration Intentions. A Social Cognitive Career Theory Perspective. Rehabilitation Counseling Bulletin, Vol. 47, no. 4 224-233.

Otto, L.B. (2000). Youth perspectives on parental career influence. Journal of Career Development Vol. 27, No. 2, pp111-118.

Oyserman, D., Brickman, D., Rhodes, M., (2007). School Success, Possible Selves, and Parent School Involvement. Family Relations, Volume 56, Issue 5, pages 479-489.

Paa H. K., Hawley McWhirter, Ellen, (2000). Perceived Influences on High School Students’ Current Career Expectations. The Career Development Quarterly, Volume 49, Issue 1, pages 29-44.

Pajares, F., Urdan, T. C., (2006). Self-efficacy of adolescents. IAP Information Age Publishing Inc.

Palladino Scultheiss, D. (2005). Qualitative Relational Career Assessment: A Constructivist Paradigm, Journal of Career Assessment, vol. 13 no.4 381-394.

Palladino, D. E., Kress H. M., Alberta, Glasscock, J. M., (2001) Relational Influences in Career Development. The Counselling Psychologist. Vol. 29 No. 2 216-241.

Patrikakou, E. (2004). Adolescence: are parents relevant to students’ high school achievement and post-secondary attainment? (Family Involvement research Digest) Cambridge, MA: Harvard Family Research Project. Retrieved from

Perkins, D. & Peterson, C. (2005). Supporting young people’s career transition choices: the role of parents, Brotherhood of St. Laurence.

Perrone, K. M., Webb, L. K., Jackson, Z. V. (2007). Relationships between parental attachment, work, and family roles, and life satisfaction. Career Development Quarterly. Source Volume: 55 Source Issue 3.

Porfeli, E. J., Hartung, P. J., (2008). Children’s vocational development: a research rationale. Career Development Quarterly. Volume 57. Source Issue 1.

Pummel, B., Hardwood, C., Lavallee, D., (2008). Jumping to the next level: A qualitative examination within career transition in adolescent event riders. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, Volume 9, Issue 4, Pages 427-447.

Ratelle, C., Larose, S., & Guay, F. (2005). Perceptions of parental involvement and support as predictors of college students’ persistence in a science curriculum. Journal of Family Psychology. 19(2), 286-293.

Restubog, S.L., Florentino, A. R., Patrick, R. J. M., (2010). The Mediating Roles of Career Self-Efficacy and Career Decidedness in the Relationship between Contextual Support and Persistence. Journal of Vocational Behavior, V 77, N 2, p. 186-195.

Ritchie, C., Flouri, E. and Buchanan, A., (2005). Aspirations and expectations. University of Oxford.

Robbins, C. (2011). Exploring parental involvement strategies utilized by middle school interdisciplinary teams. Dissertation. ProQuest.

Rowan-Kenyon, H.T., Perna, L. W., Swan, A.K. (2011). Structuring opportunity: the role of school context in shaping high school students’ occupational aspirations. Career Development Quarterly.

Sax, L. and Wartman, K.L., (2010). Studying the Impact of Parental Involvement on College Student Development: A Review and Agenda for Research. Higher Education: Handbook of Theory and Research, Volume 25, 219-255.

Schoon, I., Martin, P., Andy, R., (2007). Career transitions in times of social change. His and her story. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 70, Issue 1, Pages 78-96.

Schultheiss, D.E. (2005a). Elementary career intervention programs: Social action initiatives. Journal of Career Development, 31, 185-194.

Schultheiss, D.E., (2005b). University-urban school collaboration in school counselling. Professional School Counseling, 8, 330-336.

Scott, D.T., Church, A. T., (2002). Separation/Attachment Theory and Career Decidedness and Commitment: Effects of Parental Divorce. Science Digest.

Seginer, R., Vermulst, A., (2002). Family Environment, Educational Aspirations, and Academic Achievement in Two Cultural Settings. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. Vol. 33 no. 6 540-558.

Seyfried, S. F., Chung, I.-J., (2002) Parent Involvement as Parental Monitoring of Student Motivation and Parent Expectations Predicting Later Achievement Among African American and European American Middle School Age Students. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work. Volume 11, Issue 1-2.

Simmons, A. N. (2008). A Reliable Sounding Board: Parent Involvement in Students’ Academic and Decision Making. NACADA Journal Volume 28 (2) Fall 2008.

Smith, T.E., Gartin, B.C., Mardick, N.L., Hilton, A. (2006). Role of Parents, Families and Children with Special Needs: Professional and Family Partnerships. Pearson Allyn Bacon Prentice Hall, p. 236 – 238.

Spezzano, G. (2010). Can Parents Influence Their Child’s Career Choice? Family Anatomy.

Steinberg, L. (2001). We Know Some Things: Parent-Adolescent Relationships in Retrospect and Prospect. Journal of Research on Adolescence. Volume 11, Issue 1, p 1-19.

Stafford, F. and Yeung, W. J., (2005). The Distribution of Children’s developmental resources. Elsevier B.V. P. 289-313.

Taub, D. J., (2008). Exploring the impact of parental involvement on student development. Wiley Online Articles. Vol. 2008 Issue 122 Page 15 – 28.

Taveira, M. Do Ceu & Moreno, M. L. R., (2003). Guidance theory and practice: The status of career exploration. British Journal of Guidance & Counselling, Volume 31, Issue 2.

Taylor, J., & Taylor S. (2004).Parents have their say about their college-age children’s career decisions. NACA Journal, 64(2), 15-20.

Taylor, J., Harris, M. B., Taylor, S., (2002). Parents Have Their Say, NACE Journal.

Tierney, W.G. (2002). Parents and families in pre-college preparation: The lack of connection between research and practice. Education Policy, 16(4), 588-606.

Timmons, J.C., Whitney,-Thomas, J., McIntyre J.P., Butterworth, J. & Allen, D. (2004). Managing service delivery systems and the role of parents during their children’s transitions. Journal of Rehabilitation, 70 (2), 19 – 26.

Trainor, A. A., (2007). Perceptions of Adolescent Girls with LD Regarding Self-determination and Post-Secondary Transition Planning. Learning Disability Quarterly. Vol. 30, No. 1.

Tremblay, G., (2011). A First Nation Parent Handbook for Career Development, First Nation Education Initiative Incorporated.

Trusty, J., Watts, R. E., Erdman, P., (2001). Predictors of parents’ involvement in their teens’ career development. Journal of Career Development, Volume 23, Number 3, P. 189 – 201.

Turner, D., (2006). Engaging Parents in the Career Development of Young People, The International Centre for Career Development and Public Policy, Retrieved from:

Turner, S., Lapan, R. T., (2002). Career self-efficacy and perceptions of parent support in adolescent career development. Career Development Quarterly. National Career Development Association, Vol. 51, Source Issue 1.

Tyler, K., (2007). The Tethered Generation, HR Magazine, Vol. 52, No.5

Unger, M., & Campbell, C., (2008). The Decade after High School, A Parent’s Guide. Canadian Education and Research Institute for Counselling. (CERIC).

Urdan, T.C., Pajares, F., (2006). Self-efficacy beliefs of adolescents. Information Age Publishing

Usinger, J. (2005). Parent/Guardian visualization of career & academic future of seventh graders enrolled in low-achieving schools. The Career Development Quarterly, 53, 234-245.

Vacc, N. A., DeVaney, S. B., Brendel, J. M. (Editors), (2003). Counseling Multicultural and Diverse Populations. Brunner-Routledge.

Wadenya, R. O., Lopez, N. (2008). Parental Involvement in Recruitment of Underrepresented Minority Students. University of Pennsylvania. Journal of Dental Education. Volume 72, Number 6.

Watson, M., & McMahon, M. (2005). Children’s career development: A research review from a learning perspective. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 67, 190-132

Wei-Cheng M. and Heim Bikos, L. (2000). Educational and Vocational Aspirations of Minority and Female Students: A Longitudinal Study. Journal of Counseling & Development, Volume 78, Number 2 Pages 186-194.

Whiston, S. C., Keller, B. K., (2004).The Influences of the Family of Origin on Career Development, The Counselling Psychologist. Vol. 32, No. 4, 493-568.

Wiesner, M. Vondracek, F. W., Capaldi, D. M., Portfile, E., (2003).Childhood and adolescent predictors of early adult career pathways. Journal of Vocational Behavior, V 63, n3, p 305-28.

Williams, S. K., Kelly, F. D., (2005). Relationships among Involvement, Attachment and Behavioral Problems in Adolescence: Examining Father’s Influence. The Journal of Early Adolescence, Vol. 25 No. 2 168-196.

Wimberly, G. L., Noeth, R.J. (2004). Schools involving parents in early postsecondary planning. Retrieved from:

Wuerth, S., Lee, M.J., Alfermann, D., (2004). Parental involvement and athletes’ career in youth sport and exercise Psychology of Sport and Exercise. 5, 21 – 33.

Young, R.A., Ball, J., Valach, L., Turkel, H. (2003). The family career development project in Chinese Canadian Families. Journal of Vocational Behavior. Volume 62, Issue 2.

Young, R. A., Ladislav, V., Ball, J., Paaseluikho, M. A., Wong, Yuk S., DeVries, R. J., McLean, H., Turkel, H.. (2001). Career development in adolescence as a family project. Journal of Counselling Psychology, Vol. 48(2), 190-202.

Zimmerman, A. L., Kontosh, L. G., (2007).A systems theory approach to career decision making, IOS Press. Volume 29, Number 4.


Date of publication: December 2014


Publisher: CERIC

Profile photo of Marilyn Van Norman

About Marilyn Van Norman

Retired Director of Student Services, University of Toronto.

Leave a Reply